Monday, May 25, 2020
Psychology, defined as the scientific study of the mind, is a very broad field with many career opportunities. Psychology is a fairly new field and has many job opportunities available for anyone wanting to make a career with a degree. There are therapy related jobs along with jobs that are not therapy related. Most psychologists wanting a job that is therapy related need a masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree or doctoral, however ones who do not pursue a job with therapy obtain a bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s or masterÃ¢â¬â¢s. The average pay for psychologists ranges from around $70,000 to $100,000 annually. The amount of pay results from the location and the education one has acquired. Psychologists also have a range of tasks depending on the type of psychology one pursues. Throughout this research, a few careers in psychology will be explored and information will be provided about each of these careers. Sports psychology is a relatively new field of study in which a sports psychologist helps professional and amateur athletes. Sports psychologists are people who help amateur and professional athletes heighten performance, attain their goals and overcome their problems. An athlete who becomes anxious or loses focus during competition would consult a sports psychologist to conquer these issues. Athletes who also have trouble communicating with their teammates, finding motivation and controlling their anger could seek the help they need from this type of psychologist. Not only can they help athletes with these issues,Show MoreRelatedPsychology Is The Scientific Study Of The Mind And Behavior986 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA Look into Psychology Psychology is known to be the scientific study of the humanÃ¢â¬â¢s mind and behavior. Psychology is not the study of extraordinary mind activity like paranormal, extrasensory perception (ESP), astrology, nor phrenology. Psychology is theoretically constructed and uses a standard scientific process to discover evidences of that humanÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior. Psychology also allows an individual to give special assistance to a specific group of children who could have a difficult time in schoolRead MorePsychology Is The Scientific Study Of The Mind And Behavior791 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinner most feelings. The field of psychology was created to understand human behavior to help make society a better place and people live much easier. Psychology is field with sub fields that differ but the underlining core values are the same. The path to becoming a psychologist is challenging and not easy but most people entering the field feel like it is their calling. I cannot pen point one exact language or a specif form of communication that makes the psychology field special because differentRead MorePsychology Is The Scientific Study Of The Mind And Behavior1589 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhat is Psychology? That is the first question before I took this class. I do not know what things I study from it. So is it useful for me and my life? Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior. Psychology is a multifaceted discipline and includes many sub-fields of study such areas as human development, sports, health, clinical, social behavior and cognitive processes. (Simply Psychology Website). But today I will introduce 4 parts from the introduction to Psychology. That isRead MoreModern Psychology : The Scientific Study Of Mind And Behaviour1637 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesemergence of modern psychology, presently understood to be the Ã¢â¬Å"scientific study of mind and behaviourÃ¢â¬ . Philosophy and experimental physiology have been influentia l in creating a favourable zeitgeist that ultimately allowed for the transformation of an ancient discipline into the scientific study of the mind. It was 1879 before psychology officially became a science. Previously philosophers endeavoured to understand human nature and the links between the body and the mind - formerly referredRead MorePsychology Is The Scientific Study Of The Human Mind And Its Behaviors1625 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBy definition, Psychology is Ã¢â¬Å"the scientific study of the human mind and its behavioursÃ¢â¬ . However, originally, Psychology did not begin as a science. The subject of Psychology began in 1879 when the first experimental laboratory was opened by Wilhelm Wundt. Since its establishment, Psychology has progressed into a world-renowned academic discipline with the formation of the first American experimental lab in 1883 and the first doctorate in 1886 which was presented to Joseph Jastrow, who became aRead MoreThe Philosophy Of Psychology Is Defined As The Scientific Study Of The Human Mind And Behavior1281 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPsychology is defined as the scientific study of the human mind and behavior. It was established as a separate discipline during the late 1800s and can be taken back to the time of the ancient Greeks. From around 500BC to 322 BC, Greek philosophers suggested a theory of Ã¢â¬Å"psycheÃ¢â¬ that is where the word psychology comes from. This meaning the mind, soul and spirit. The Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle were some of the most influential philosophers of their time. However, due toRead MoreHow Psychology Is The Human Mind And Behavior1513 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPsychology is the science which helps to understand the human mind and behaviour. To understand properly, one needs to trust on scientific methods that would help in recognizing the aspects related to the behaviour and psychological processes going in the mind of an individual. Instead of just trusting on personal observations about the experiences that an individual faces, the process of scientific research is much more systematic as well as authentic while try ing to assess the details about theRead MorePsychology as a Science1163 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPSYCHOLOGY AS A SCIENCE Psychology is the scientific study of the behavior of individuals and their mental processes. (Fuchs amp; Milar, 2002). But what makes it a scientific study? First of all, why not? Nowadays the idea of psychology as a science seems so natural to us, but it was not always like this. The late-eighteenth-century declaration that a true scientific study of the mind was not possible posed a challenge that was answered in the nineteenth century when the possibilityRead More The Development of Psychology Essay1156 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Development of Psychology Psychology is defined as the scientific study of behavior and the mind. This definition implies three things. The first is that psychology is a science, a field that can be studied through objective methods of observation and experimentation. The second is that it is the study of behavior, animal activity that can be observed and measured. And the third is that it is the study of the mind, the conscious and unconscious mental states that cannot be seen but inferredRead MoreThe Study Of Psychology And Psychology984 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesimportant to know what is meant by the term Ã¢â¬Å"scienceÃ¢â¬ , and then to establish whether psychology adheres to this. The Oxford English Dictionary defines science as Ã¢â¬Å"the study or knowledge of the physical world, based on observation and experimentÃ¢â¬ . This immediately raises issues about this debate as many areas of psychological research do not involve the observable. For example, the areas of Clinical and Counselling psychology rel y on a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts and feelings to help determine whether they suffer
Friday, May 15, 2020
The Governments notions of modern family differs from the localÃ¢â¬â¢s traditional ideals of family .In order to change the local culture from having traditionally larger families for social security, to smaller ones, governments implement a national family planning program. Family planning programs are most commonly applied to areas with high birth rates such as China, India and java in Indonesia, in attempt to lower population, however, in the case of GreeceÃ¢â¬â¢s family planning, it aims to reduce womenÃ¢â¬â¢s abortion rates. In many countries, governments have ulterior motives for reducing population, some are positive, aiming to increase womenÃ¢â¬â¢s health but most commonly the case is that families only provide economical benefits and development for the country. A decline in population means that the government can invest more Ã¢â¬Å"per capita in education and health, thus creating the human capital for sustained economic growthÃ¢â¬ (S. Sinding, 08). The Governme nt Ã¢â¬Å"planned population numbers in the same way it planned the production of goodsÃ¢â¬ (Anders, 2014), which resulted in physical and emotional turmoil for families across the world. Countries differ in conventional family criteria, however the quintessential modern family consists, health and social wellbeing of relations and the belief that having a child results in social security and happiness. Family culture in certain countries has been damaged due to past coercive interfering with family planning, as governments try and mold localShow MoreRelatedThe Veterans Health Administration : America s Veterans926 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand the National Cemetery Administration. Each of these divisions help Veterans in various aspects of their lives. (About VA) The Veterans Health Administration helps veterans with different medical needs. Thier mission statement is to, Ã¢â¬Å"Honor AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Veterans by providing exceptional healthcare that improves their health and well-being.Ã¢â¬ The Veterans Health Administration serves over eight million veterans yearly. There are approximately 1,700 care sites across the country. There are 152 hospitalsRead MoreLets Talk About Sex Education Essay1571 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesComprehensive sex education should be taught in public schools. The youth of today cannot make educated decisions regarding sex if they are not properly educated. Not educating AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s youth in all aspects of sex education is comparable to allowing them to drive without being taught. This choice of not allowing comprehensive sex education is schools is dangerous and can have life long consequences. These consequences will not only affect the individual but can ultimately affect America. It is vitalRead MoreThe Nati onal Rifle Association Is An American Non-Profit1244 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespresident and chief executive officer is Wayne LaPierre, an author and a gun rights advocate who was elected to the board in 1991. The President of the National Rifle Association as of 2015 is Allan D. Cors. There are hundreds of programs offered by the NRA for all ages; these programs are possible because of fundraising and donations. The Nation Rifle Association was founded in 1871 on November 17th by the state of New York. They primarily focused on improving the rifle skills of the U.S. military andRead MoreEssay on The Benefits of Foreign Aid1625 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages An enlarged, long-term program of economic assistance to the peoples of Free Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Latin America is justified on this positive and constructive basis; it is in the interest of the United States that we and our children live in a world of independent, open societies, each developing its own version of political democracy...our enemy is poverty, despair, stagnation and the fear that only totalitarian methods can lift a poor agrarian society into sustained growth. OurRead MoreThe Brookings Report Provides A Useful Lens On America s Future Essay1545 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesprovides a useful lens on AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s future by recognizing the demographic shifts that are transforming the metropolitan areas of today. The five new realities represent new changes to metropolitan areas such as the continued growth and outward expansion of our population; its ongoing racial and ethnic diversification; the rapid aging on the horizon; our increasing but selective higher educational attainment; and the intensified income polarization experienced by workers and families The metropolitan areaRead MoreAddressing Health Outcomes : Affordable Care Act1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessubstance use, diet and nutrition, and other individual factors that affect health outcomes. Title X: AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Family Planning Program Title X has been apart of the United States medical care system since 1970, when it was enacted as a part of the Public Health Service Act by President Nixon. Title X was designed to cater to women of low income populations as serve as comprehensive family planning and reproductive health services. It is designed to mainly provide care for women and men of extremelyRead MorePersuasive Essay On Abortion1575 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto abortion, congressional republicans also began stripping them of their birth control and contraceptives. In 2011, Ã¢â¬Å"HouseÃ RepublicansÃ voted to eliminate funding for Title X family planning to end federal funding for Planned Parenthood, a leading source ofÃ birthÃ control; andÃ¢â¬ ¦ eliminate the existing requirement that the program cover contraception for its low-income beneficiariesÃ¢â¬ (Brownstein, 2012, p.15). Republicans, in addition to abortion, want to decrease the availability of contraceptives andRead MoreMexico City Policy Curre nt Event900 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Mexico City Policy Current Event The Mexico City Policy, also known by opponents as Ã¢â¬Å"The Global Gag RuleÃ¢â¬ , was originally introduced as an executive order by president Ronald Reagan in 1984. The policy was made to withhold U.S. family planning, funding and assistance from foreign NGOs (non-profits) that include reproductive health organizations and included private hospitals and clinics that perform or publicize abortions. Ã¢â¬Å"In countries where abortion is permitted, the policy prohibitsRead MoreWebsite Reviews1375 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFrancisco Web site has more content related to the Presidio park itself, such as planning a visit to the site, than it has on John Pershing, the site allows the reader to place Pershing in the context of geographic space. The Presidio Park history is shared history, and John Pershings military campaigns with Mexico make more sense when placed within this geo-political framework. 2. Americas Story from Americas Library (The Library of Congress): John Joseph Pershing, http://www.americaslibraryRead MoreAmerican Association Of Retired Persons1414 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAmerican Association of Retired Persons: Editorial The American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) has a long history of advocating for healthcare, employment security, and retirement planning (AARP, 2014). The AARP also aggressively lobbies for legislative actions to improve the lives of people over 50 by focusing on eradicating hunger, improving personal income, providing adequate housing, and by preventing or diminishing isolation (AARP, 2014). The AARP has two associated organizations consisting
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Cell Phone Evolution: Good and Bad Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the world has become a smaller and faster place. The time used to travel to far distances has decreased. The growth of new technologies, traveling and communicating has become simple daily tasks for many people. Through the growth of global communication, people have become closer to others across the globe, and business has gone world wide. One invention that came along with the technological revolution is the Cell Phone. Cell phones allow us to be reachable anywhere at anytime, letting us communicate even while traveling. As time becomes more valuable for people, the importance of accessibility to communication also increases. As with many things, newÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦When I report to work I get issued a cell phone and my patient assignment. We still have a little ways to go to catch up with the other countries but we are closing ground fast. All the new phones and headsets have brought all concern about possible medical problems. New reports continue to come in and are displayed all over the internet of the possibility of cell phones being linked to brain tumors. It is true that cell phones have electromagnetic radiation. A major study carried by scientists in Finland discovered that radiation that comes from cell phones cause activity in human cells in a laboratory (Laurier). They further state that these changes could weaken the functioning of the brains protective shield against harmful substances. These changes damaged the blood-brain barrier which protects the brain from harmful substances. An Australian study has linked cell phones to higher rate of brain cancer. A Swedish study suggests that using a mobile phone for more that 15 minutes could lead to headaches and fatigue. The European countries use Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) to detect how much radiation is given off. (Attached are SAR levels for US p hones) Nokia has taken lead and patent for a shield layer between the antenna and the user to reduce the irradiation. The US has a different outlook on cell phones. The Federal Communications Commission agrees with the National Radiological ProtectionShow MoreRelatedTechnology and Social Changes1225 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTechnology and Social Change Veronica Garcia February 22,2016 SOC/100 Lynn Ma Technology and Social Change Technology is the scientific knowledge of making tools in order t solve problems that are very specific. Automobiles, airplanes, cell phones, computers and the radio are examples of technological advances. These advancements have helped revolutionize the way people interact, meet, and conduct business. The increase of technology provides an influx of storage and retrieval, and in returnRead MoreCellphones and effects on society1268 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesadvances every day and surely cellular phones are revolutionizing the XXI Century. New mobile devices contain most of the functions of a computer, better known as smart phones. They also give you the opportunity to stay in touch with whom you wish to and also you can take pictures, listen to music, and most significantly, it connects you with the rest of the world through the network. But have you ever stopped and think, how much time you spend using your phone, and how so often you check it? And withoutRead MoreMobile Technology Is An Imperative Industry Today1188 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEvery aspect of ordinary life in developed countries depends on cell phones: the freedom to change social plans on a whim, relying on GPS (Global Positioning System) to navigate people to unfamiliar destinations, and most of all raising productivity expectations to a staggering standard. Its invention came about to serve specific communication purposes; the initial pioneers in this field underestimated the massive impact, good and bad, mobile technology would have on society leading into the 21stRead MoreEssay about Society Is Over Reliant On Technology600 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesBlackberry or any kind of smart phone has the opportunity to look up any question they have, from simply typing in a related phrase into a search engine. Any time of day, provided there is service; Information is readily available. Technology has grown at an alarming rate; with smart cars, cells phones, computers that can operate with just the use of y our eyes. It is an extraordinary leap from the cave man era but, itÃ¢â¬â¢s been said too much of a good thing can be bad. As we become slaves to technologyRead MoreEffects of Technology925 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageslives. As new generations develop, new technological devices continue to develop as well. Some believe that technology has had a good impact in our lives like Richard Woods. Others like me believe that technology brings a lot of negative effects to our personal and social lives as Sarah Kershaw mentions. We now depend on technology, which affects us and causes us to get bad habits. Technology has caused addiction to the internet, depression, isolation, anxiety, loss of job, marital difficulties andRead MoreHow Technology has Changed Our Lives1374 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesToday there are kids getting cell phones, laptops, iPads, etcÃ¢â¬ ¦ that thirty years ago it was new technology and that it was for business use. In the last ten or so years cell phones have become very popul ar and a norm. Cell phones have made it easier for people to be and stay in contact with each other rather than have a land line phone. With cell phones becoming more and more popular, there will be issues that will have to be fixed or solutions to help prevent anything bad to happen. One issue thatRead MoreVideo Games And Its Effects On Society1632 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageseither in favour of the advancement in technology or some are against its progression arguing that people have become too reliant. Cellphones are one of the main forms of technology that people talk about most, questioning whether they are a good thing or bad. Many people are also concerned with the advancement in video games, worrying that video games are the cause of crime and violence. What hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t been talked about much is the progression in cloning and the growing of human organs in pigs, whetherRead MoreMobile Phones And Its Impact On Our Lives Today951 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages they come with security risk s. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s look at them shall we? Cell phones today, having once been simple mobile phones that we can carry in our pockets, have long since evolved into full-fledged touch screen computers that we take with us everywhere. But the modern smart phones of today share one define characteristic with their ancestors, and that is that they are portable. This singular characteristic is in large part why cell phones have become so prevalent in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Whereas once uponRead MoreAre We Becoming Technological Zombies?1548 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAccording to the scholarly article Information Technology within SocietyÃ¢â¬â¢s Evolution: Society is based on communications, this means that every huge change that humanity has experienced derives from a technological discovery related to communications. Language and writing as the first communication techniques, have been followed by a series of technologies, such as printing, telephone, radio, television internet and cell phones, which are nowadays smarter than ever. (Rodriguez, Busco, Flores 70).Read MoreSocial Media s Grip On Society941 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnot been around forever. In fact, even more surprising is the realization that people did not really even have or use cell phones almost twenty years ago, and in those days cell phones were only used for calling. We have come a long way. Now, the whole world is in the palm of our hands, or in our cars, or on our wrists. Possibly the greatest thing to come out of this drastic evolution is social media. Social media is where everyone can keep up with family, check in with friends, and share their big
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Assessment Of The Cardiac System Of Patient? Answer: Introducation The patient in the present case study analysis is Mr Paul Peters who had been admitted to the cardiac unit with the NSTEMI (Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction). From the assessment of his current condition, it is noted that he is in unstable condition and the ECG shows abnormality in heart rhythm. The correct vital statistics are T36.5, HR 88, RR 18, BP 110/70, while the oxygen saturation is 96%. His age is 50 and weighs 88 kgs. He is a factory worker and a regular smoker, with a sedentary lifestyle. His level is education is low. The present section would detail the assessments to be taken for the patient. Assessment of the cardiac system of the patient would be most crucial since the patient has abnormal heart rhythm and he is in unstable condition. The cardiac examination would follow the stages of inspection, palpation and auscultation. The Business would need to be positioned in the supine position and torso and neck would be exposed completely. The general inspection would include his status of comfort, an abnormal movement like head bobbing. The hands are to be inspected for skin turgor and temperature. It is imperative that a nurse is as objective as possible while collecting patient data. Reporting the findings is very much essential, and the charting of the results in a clear manner is also needed (Donahue 2011). The second assessment would be a central nervous system that would involve the assessment of the motor and the sensory responses of the patient. The purpose would be the determination of impairment of nervous system. The examination to be conducted is Mental Status Examination. This would involve the assessment of consciousness using the Glasgow Coma Scale. A Mini Mental State (MMSE) examination would be pivotal. Muscle strength is to be examined through the MRC (Medical Research Council) scale. The patient is to be assessed for muscle tone and rigidity. Any abnormal movement, such as seizures and fasciculations are to be assessed along with the above mentioned assessments (Watkins, Whisman and Booker 2016). The consecutive assessments would be of the abdomen, respiratory system and the renal system. Abdomen assessment would involve inspection, auscultation, palpation and percussion of the abdomen. The inspection would include an examination of the shape of the abdomen, abdominal masses, skin abnormalities, and abdomen wall movement with respiration. Auscultation would detect altered bowel sounds, vascular bruits or rubs. Atherosclerosis is the common cause of alteration of arterial blood flow. Palpation refers to the abdomen examination for crepitus of the abdominal wall, for any abdominal masses or abdominal tenderness (Lewis et al. 2016) . Assessment of the renal system, that is, kidneys and bladder are commonly performed in combination with an abdominal assessment. Auscultation is performed before percussion and palpation because these activities can lead to vague abdominal vascular sounds and enhanced bowel sounds. Assessment elements would include frequent urination, difficulty in urination and hematuria. A urine specimen is to be checked for infection, and odour and colour. The bladder is to be palpated for any signs of distention of the bladder. Assessment of the respiratory system would mainly focus on the evaluation of respiratory distress. Major evidence of distress are a cough and audible wheezing. Body temperature and respiratory rate are to be checked regularly (Considine and Currey 2015). Since the patient is a regular smoker and drinker, his social background is also to be assessed before outlining the care plan. The regular nutritional diet of the patient is to be assessed. It is important to know whether the patient had suffered loss or increase in weight in the recent past. The Patient Centered Assessment Method (PCAM) can be the appropriate tool for assessing the complexity of the patient through examination of the health determinants. The tool assesses the lifestyle behaviour of the patient, the mental well being and the health literacy. The social environment is also to be assessed. The members of the family who can provide in depth information about the patient is to be ascertained. Intellectual function, depression and mental impairment are to be accurately highlighted. The rationale is that thee behavioural and mental stare of the patient plays a key role in achieving ultimate patient outcomes after the administration of medical interventions (Forbes and Wat t 2015). The prioritization of nursing needs enlists the main areas of focus to be cardiac monitoring, nutritional needs and patient education. Since the patient has abnormal heart rhythm, this would be the centre of nursing care for the patient. Cardiac monitoring refers to the continual monitoring of the patients heart condition with the help of probes placed on the skin of the patients body. The method would be noninvasive and painless. While such monitoring is done, the nurse would play a crucial role in preparing the patient and ensuring that the test is being done accurately. The monitor is to be observed correctly, and accurate results are to be reported. It has been found that the patient is obese, weighing 88 kgs. A review of the dietary intake of the patient is needed. This would include calorie intake, eating habits and type of food consumed. This step would provide the chance of focusing on the importance of balanced diet as per the body needs. An eating plan is to be formulated that would be based upon the patient specifications. A diet would include food items from all basic groups and help in maintaining optimal body functioning. A suitable environment is to be created that would foster the positive eating habit of the patient. Activity level of the patient would also be assessed simultaneously. The patient would be required to carry out physical activity in some form to maintain appropriate body weight (Butcher et al. 2013). The last nursing care aspect would be patient education. It is important that the patient is encouraged to quit smoking and drinking. The nurse to refer the patient to a counsellor who would aid in encouraging the patient to quit these two habits. The role of the nurse in this regard would be to provide emotional support and educate the patient about the adverse impact of alcohol and tobacco on healthcare. Since the literacy level of the patient is low, it is advisable that the nurse communicates in a language that is understandable to laymen. The communication between the two needs to be clear and transparent (Morton et al. 2017). References Butcher, H.K., Bulechek, G.M., Dochterman, J.M.M. and Wagner, C., 2013.Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC)-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 178-180. Considine, J. and Currey, J., 2015. Ensuring a proactive, evidence?based, patient safety approach to patient assessment.Journal of clinical nursing,24(1-2), pp.300-307. Donahue, M.P., 2011. Nursing, the finest art: An illustrated history. Mosby. pp. 258-259. Forbes, H. and Watt, E., 2015.Jarvis's Physical Examination and Health Assessment. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 327. Lewis, S.L., Bucher, L., Heitkemper, M.M., Harding, M.M., Kwong, J. and Roberts, D., 2016.Medical-Surgical Nursing-E-Book: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems, Single Volume. Elsevier Health Sciences. Morton, P.G., Fontaine, D., Hudak, C.M. and Gallo, B.M., 2017.Critical care nursing: a holistic approach. Lippincott Williams Wilkins. pp. 25-27. Watkins, T., Whisman, L. and Booker, P., 2016. Nursing assessment of continuous vital sign surveillance to improve patient safety on the medical/surgical unit.Journal of clinical nursing,25(1-2), pp.278-281.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
THE FALL OF CONSTANTINOPLE THE FALL OF CONSTANTINOPLE On Tuesday, May 29 1453 the last bastion on Christianity in the East, Constantinople, fell to the Ottoman Turks led by Sultan Mehmet ( also called Mahomet ). This ended the 1100 year reign of the Byzantium Empire and gave the Ottomans a new capital. One of the most famous churches in history, the Church of Holy Wisdom ( also known as the Hagia Sophia ) was converted into a Mosque. The Turks used a revolutionary weapon in the siege - the cannon. Though the cannon had been in Europe for over a century, this was one of the first times they were used effectively. The Turkish army would not have been able to capture Constantinople had they not had the great cannon with them, had the Byzantinians not been so isolated from the West and had the Turkish soldiers not been so devoted. The cannon was essential in the capture of Constantinople. The walls of the city were massive, and had repulsed invaders since 330 A.D. It would have taken the Turks a lot longer to breech the walls if they did not have the great cannon, and aid from the West would have arrived. The cannon had a long range, and it was used to block access to Constantinople by sea. The very presence of the cannon was very demoralizing for the defenders of the city, "Once more the bells of the churches rang to sound the alarm, but the noise was drowned out by the roar from the great cannon," " the reverberations could be heard for a hundred stadia after it fired."Imagine standing on a wall having cannon balls weighing 12 hundredweight booming towards you. The isolation from the West, the preoccupation of the Western powers with other issues and the clash of the Eastern and Western variations of Christianity helped lead to the fall of Constantinople. The people of Byzantine Empire had some disdain for Western Christianity, and did not want to form a union of churches with the West. The pope (Pius II) was not anxious to send reinforcements until he felt that a true union of the churches had been achieved. Most of the other European powers had their own problems to deal with, and while they wanted to help the citizens of Constantinople they were either to far away (Russia, which became a major Christian center after the fall of Constantinople) or had their own problems to deal with.(there was a revolt in Rome in January 1453) The absolute devotion of the Turkish soldiers to their Sultan and to their God helped Mehmet capture the city. The troops of the sultan were fiercely loyal, especially the fearsome Janissaries,( Christian youths taken from captured villages, and trained for seven years. They were fanatical Muslims and fiercely loyal to the Sultan.) The soldiers believed that God would have a special place in Paradise for those who died attacking the city. "They shall conquer Qostantiniya." "Glory be to the Prince and to the army that achieve it."The sultan offered a fantastic prize to the first man inside the city, this, added to the belief that the soldiers had, that those to fall in battle would rise to Paradise, and the men they killed would be their servants there, had each man whipped into a fanatical fervor, willing to rush the walls, ignoring the Christian missiles. This allowed the Turks to capture the city very quickly, before the West would decided to send aid. As you can see, the three main factors that led the Turks to capture Constantinople were, the devotion of their troops, the isolation of the City ( both physically and spiritually ) and their innovative use of the cannon, a new weapon. This shows us that new weapons have a great power to change the world ( Airplanes, Tanks and Nuclear Missiles all have ) and that fanaticism is a grave danger that society as a whole must try to stop. If men are willing to die to establish fundamentalist states and theocracies how are we to stop them?
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Maurits Cornelius Escher was born on June 17th, 1898 in Leeuwarden, Netherlands. His father was a civil engineer. EscherÃ¢â¬â¢s great skill for art and drawing was realized at an early age. This led his father to decide to send him to study at the School of Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem. But, when he was 21 years old, Escher gave up architecture to study in the field of graphic arts. Escher spent most of his life travelling in Europe looking for inspiration for his works. In 1921 he got married and stayed in Rome. This is when his works of art began to show landscapes with impossible perspectives. In the 1930s, Fascism in Italy made life impossible for Escher and his family, so they moved to Switzerland. In 1936, Escher visited the Alhambra in Granada. The Moorish tiling he came across was amazing too him. Escher read and understood PÃ ³lyaÃ¢â¬â¢s paper on the 17 planes of symmetry, even though he didn't understand all of the ideas in the paper. Between 1936 and 19 42 Escher concentrated on colored drawings using all of the different symmetry types. He invented a highly mathematical system of study using a process which he invented himself. In 1941, Escher went home to the Netherlands. His popularity began to grow, and in the 1950s, articles on his work were written. His drawings of symmetry began to be displayed in science museums more than art galleries. In his later years several books were published about him. One of these books described his works of art as he neared death. Ã¢â¬Å"When Escher's view of the world turned inward he produced his best known puzzling prints, which, art aside, were truly intellectually playful, yet he was not. His life turned inward, he cut himself off and he had few friends. ... He died after a protracted illness...Ã¢â¬ Escher died on March 27th, 1972, in the Netherlands.... Free Essays on Escher Free Essays on Escher Maurits Cornelius Escher was born on June 17th, 1898 in Leeuwarden, Netherlands. His father was a civil engineer. EscherÃ¢â¬â¢s great skill for art and drawing was realized at an early age. This led his father to decide to send him to study at the School of Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem. But, when he was 21 years old, Escher gave up architecture to study in the field of graphic arts. Escher spent most of his life travelling in Europe looking for inspiration for his works. In 1921 he got married and stayed in Rome. This is when his works of art began to show landscapes with impossible perspectives. In the 1930s, Fascism in Italy made life impossible for Escher and his family, so they moved to Switzerland. In 1936, Escher visited the Alhambra in Granada. The Moorish tiling he came across was amazing too him. Escher read and understood PÃ ³lyaÃ¢â¬â¢s paper on the 17 planes of symmetry, even though he didn't understand all of the ideas in the paper. Between 1936 and 19 42 Escher concentrated on colored drawings using all of the different symmetry types. He invented a highly mathematical system of study using a process which he invented himself. In 1941, Escher went home to the Netherlands. His popularity began to grow, and in the 1950s, articles on his work were written. His drawings of symmetry began to be displayed in science museums more than art galleries. In his later years several books were published about him. One of these books described his works of art as he neared death. Ã¢â¬Å"When Escher's view of the world turned inward he produced his best known puzzling prints, which, art aside, were truly intellectually playful, yet he was not. His life turned inward, he cut himself off and he had few friends. ... He died after a protracted illness...Ã¢â¬ Escher died on March 27th, 1972, in the Netherlands....
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Innovative Nursing Care Delivery Model - Assignment Example The innovative nursing care delivery models were developed to reduce inefficiencies in healthcare institutions and ultimately the healthcare sector and to ensure better patient outcomes. This paper will discuss the abode models. The transitional care model provides comprehensive planning and care coordination in hospital settings and a follow-up after discharge from hospital. This model was developed specifically for high-risk elders. People in this age group do not get effective healthcare attention, therefore, this model responds to this problem by offering the elderly effective healthcare service delivery. An interdisciplinary team in the University of Pennsylvania developed and tested this model aimed at improving post-discharge outcomes and prevents unnecessary re-infection (Kimball & Joynt, 2007, p. 395). Transitional care includes a number of services and settings that are specifically designed to promote safe movement of patients between different levels of healthcare attention and settings. It was developed to address the needs of adult patients with chronic illnesses and complex therapeutic regimens that need special attention (Naylor & Keating, 2008, p. 58). There are core aspects of the transitional care model that include a comprehensive analysis of individual health preferences and goals, inclusion of evidence-based planning in the care, extensive care that begins at admission and extends past the discharge time and also coordinated services during the care process among other features (Naylor & Sochalski, 2010, p. 2). The primary care team model is a model that integrates a registered nurse care manager, a registered nurse and a clinical assistant. The model was developed to increase the value of the experience nurse in patient care because of the nursing shortage in the U.S. An example of the application of this model was implemented at Seton Family of Hospitals located in Austin, Texas. The patient care team has the